Publications

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 Education and Literacy

Bowers, J.S., and Bowers, P.N. (in press). Progress in reading instruction requires a better understanding of the English spelling system Current Directions in Psychological Science

Bowers, J.S. (2018). Reconsidering the evidence that systematic phonics is more effective than alternative methods of reading instruction.  PsyArXiv.https://psyarxiv.com/xz4yn/

Bowers, J.S. & Bowers, P.N. (2018). There is no evidence to support the hypothesis that systematic phonics should precede morphological instruction: Response to Rastle and colleagues. PsyArXivhttps://psyarxiv.com/zg6wr/

Bowers, J.S., and Bowers, P.N. (2018).   The importance of correctly characterizing the English spelling system when devising and evaluating methods of reading instruction:  Comment on Taylor, Davis, and Rastle (2017). Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 71, 1497-1500.

Bowers, J.S., & Bowers, P.N. (2017)Beyond Phonics The Case for Teaching Children the Logic of the English Spelling System. Educational Psychologist, 52, 124–141. 2017

Bowers, J.S. (2017)Parallel Distributed Processing Theory in the Age of Deep Networks. Trends in Cognitive Science, 21, 950-961.

Kazania, N., Bowers, J.S., Idsardi, W. (2017)Phonemes: Lexical access and beyond.  Psychonomic Bulletin & Review.

Bowers, J. S. (2017). Preface (to special issue “Cognitive and neurophysiological evidence for and against localist ‘grandmother cell’ representations”).  Language, Cognition, & Neuroscience 255-256.

Bowers, J. S. (2017). Grandmother cells and localist representations a review of current thinking. Language, Cognition, & Neuroscience 32, 257-273.

Gubian, M., Davis, C.I., Adelman, J.S., & Bowers, J.S. (2017)Comparing single unit recordings taken from a localist model to single cell recording data a good match. Language, Cognition, & Neuroscience, 32, 380-391. DOI: 10.1080/23273798.2016.1259482

Vankov, I. I., Bowers, J. S. (2017). Do arbitrary input output mappings in parallel distributed processing networks require localist coding? Language, Cognition and Neuroscience, 32, 392-399.

Bowers, J. S. (2016)Psychology, not educational neuroscience, is the way forward for improving educational outcomes for all children: Reply to Gabrieli and Howard-Jones et al (2016) (2016). Psychological Review, 123, 628-635.

Bowers, J. S. (2016).  The Practical and principled problems with educational neuroscience. Psychological Review, 123, 600-612.

Bowers, J. S., Kazanina, N., & Andermane, N. (2016). Spoken word identification involves accessing position invariant phoneme representations. Journal of Memory and Language, 87, 71-83.

Bowers, J. S., Vankov, I. I., Damian, M. F., & Davis, C. J. (2016). Why do some neurons in cortex respond to information in a selective manner? Insights from artificial neural networks. Cognition, 148, 47-63.

Bowers, J. S., Vankov, I. I., & Ludwig, C. J. (2016). The visual system supports online translation invariance for object identification Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 23, 432-438.

Andermane, N., & Bowers, J.S. (2015). Detailed and gist-like visual memories are forgotten at a similar rate over the course of a week. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 22, 1358-1363.

Adelman, J. S., Johnson, R. L., McCormick, S. F., McKague, M., Kinoshita, S., Bowers, J. S., .& Davis, C. J. (2014). A behavioral database for masked form priming. Behavior research methods. Behavior research methods, 1-16.

Bowers, J. S., Vankov, I. I., Damian, M. F., & Davis, C. J. (2014). Neural networks learn highly selective representations in order to overcome the superposition catastrophe. Psychological Review, 121, 248-261.

Vankov, I., Bowers, J.S., & Munafò, M. R. (2014). On the persistence of low power in psychological science. The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 1-4.

Bowers, J.S. (2013). How do forward models work? And why would you want them? Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 36(04), 349-350.

Bowers, J.S. (2012). Position-invariant letter identification is a key component of any universal model of reading. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 35, 281-282.

Bowers, J.S., & Davis, C.J. (2012). Is that what Bayesians believe?  Reply to Griffiths, Chater, Norris, and Pouget (2012). Psychological Bulletin. 138, 423-426.

Bowers, J.S., & Davis, C.J. (2012). Bayesian Just-So Stories in Psychology and Neuroscience. Psychological Bulletin, 138, 389-414.

Colbeck, K., & Bowers, J.S. (2012) Blinded by Taboo Words in L1 but not L2. Emotion, 12, 217-222.

Dorjee, D., & Bowers, J.S. (2012). What can fMRI tell us about the locus of learning? Cortex. 48, 509–514.

Dorjee, D., & Bowers, J.S. (2012).  More on fMRI and the locus of perceptual learningCortex, 48, 519-520.

Bowers, J.S., & Davis, C.J. (2011). More varieties of Bayesian theories, but no enlightenment: Commentary on Matt Jones and Bradley Love in Behavioral & Brain Sciences, 34, 193-194.

Bowers, J.S. (2011). What is a Grandmother Cell? And How Would You Know If You Found One? Connection Science, 2, 91-95.

Bowers J.S., & Pleydell-Pearce C.W. (2011). Swearing, Euphemisms, and Linguistic Relativity.  PLoS ONE 6(7)

Davis, C.J., Bowers, J.S., & Memon, A. (2011). Social Influence in Televised Election Debates: A Potental Distorion of Democarcy. PLoS ONE, 6(3): e18154. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0018154

Bowers, J.S. (2010). What are the Bayesian constrains in the Bayesian reader? Reply to Norris and Kinoshita (2010), European Journal of Cognitive Psychology, 22, 1270-1273.

Bowers, J.S. (2010).  Does masked and unmasked priming reflect Bayesian inference as implemented in the Bayesian Reader? European Journal of Cognitive Psychology, 22, 779-797.

Damian, M. F., Bowers, J. S., Stadthagen-Gonzalez, H., & Spalek, K. (2010). Does Word Length Affect Speech Onset Latencies When Producing Single Words? Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory & Cognition, 36, 892-905.

Bowers, J.S. (2010). More on grandmother cells and the biological implausibility of PDP models of cognition: A reply to Plaut and McClelland. Psychological Review, 117, 300-306.

Bowers, J.S. (2010). Postscript: Some Final Thoughts on Grandmother Cells, Distributed Representations, and PDP Models of Cognition. Psychological Review, 117, 306-308.

Bowers, J.S., Damian, M.F., & Davis, C.J. (2009). A fundamental limitation of the conjunctive codes learned in PDP models of cognition-Comments on Botvinick and Plaut. Psychological Review, 116, 986-995.

Bowers, J.S., Damian, M.F., & Davis, C.J. (2009).  More problems with Botvinick and Plaut’s (2006) PDP model of short-term memory. Psychological Review, 116, 995-997.

Bowers, J.S., & Davis, C.J, Mattys, S.L., Damian, M.F., & Hanley, D. (2009). The activation of embedded words in spoken word identification is robust but constrained-Evidence from the picture-word interference paradigm.  Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 35, 1585-1597.

Bowers, J.S. (2009).On the biological plausibility of grandmother cells: Implications for neural network theories in psychology and neuroscience. Psychological Review, 116, 220-251.

Bowers, J.S., & Davis, C.J. (2009). Learning representations of wordforms with recurrent networks: Comment on Sibley, Kello, Plaut, and Elman. Cognitive Science, 33, 1183-1186.

Bowers, J.S., Mattys, S.L., & Gage, S.H. (2009).  Preserved implicit knowledge of a forgotten childhood language.  Psychological Science, 20, 1064-1069.

Damian, M.F. & Bowers, J.S. (2009). Assessing the role of orthography in speech perception and production – Evidence from picture-word interference tasks. European Journal of Cognitive Psychology, 21, 581-598.

Damian, M. F., & Bowers, J. S. (2009). Orthographic effects in rhyme monitoring: Are they automatic? European Journal of Cognitive Psychology, 22, 1-11.

Stadthagen-Gonzalez, H., Damian, M. F., Pérez, M. A., Bowers, J. S., & Marín, J. (2009).  Name-picture verification as a control measure for object naming: A task analysis and norms for a large set of pictures. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 62, 1581–1597.

Bowers, J.S. & Jones, K.W. (2007). Detecting objects is easier than categorizing them. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 61, 552-557.

Clay, F., Bowers, J. S., Davis, C. J., & Hanley, D. A. (2007). Teaching adults new words: The role of practice and consolidation.  Journal of Experimental Psychology-Learning Memory and Cognition, 33(5), 970-976.

Davis, C. J. & Bowers, J. S. (2006). Contrasting five theories of letter position coding: Evidence From Orthographic Similarity Effects. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception & Performance, 32, 535-557.

Havelka, J., Bowers, J. S., & Jankovic, D. (2006). Cross-alphabet and cross-modal long-term priming in Serbian and English. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 13(5), 842-847

Bowers, J.S., Davis, C.J., & Hanley, D. (2005). Interfering Neighbours: The impact of novel word learning on the identification of visually similar words. Cognition, 97, B45-B54.

Bowers, J.S., Davis, C.J., & Hanley, D. (2005). Automatic semantic activation of embedded words: Is there a ‘‘hat’’ in ‘‘that’’? Journal of Memory and Language, 52, 131-143.

Bowers, J.S., & Turner, E.L. (2005). Masked priming is abstract in the left and right visual fields. Brain & Language, 95, 414-422.

Baqués, J., Saiz, D. & Bowers, J.S. (2004). Does implicit memory use working memory resources? Memory, 12, 301-313.

Bowers, J.S., & Davis, C.J. (2004). Is speech perception modular or interactive?  Trends in Cognitive Science, 8, 3-5

Davis, C.J., & Bowers, J.S. (2004). What do Letter Migration Errors Reveal About Letter Position Coding in Visual Word Recognition? Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 30, 923-941.

Stadthagen-Gonzalez, H., Bowers, J.S., & Damian, M.F. (2004) Age of Acquisition Effects in Visual Word Recognition: Evidence From Expert Vocabularies. Cognition, 93, B11-B26.

Bowers, J.S., & Turner, E.L. (2003). In search of perceptual priming is obtained in a semantic classification task. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory & Cognition, 29, 1248–1255.

Damian, M.F., & Bowers, J.S. (2003).  Effects of orthography on speech production in a form preparation paradigm. Journal of Memory & Language, 49, 119-131.

Damian, M. F., & Bowers, J. S. (2003). Locus of semantic interference in picture-word interference tasks.  Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 10, 111-117.

Franck, J., Bowers, J.S., Frauenfelder, U., & Vigliocco, G. (2003) Orthographic influences on agreement: A case for modality-specific form effects on grammatical encoding. Language and Cognitive Processes, 18, 61-79.

Bowers, J.S. (2002). Challenging the widespread assumption that connectionism and distributed representations go hand-in-hand. Cognitive Psychology, 45, 413-445.

Bowers, J.S. & Damian, M, & Havelka, J. (2002). Can distributed orthographic knowledge support word specific long-term priming? Apparently so. Journal of Memory and Language, 46, 24-38.

Bowers, J.S. (2000).  In defense of abstractionist theories of word identification and repetition priming.  Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 7, 83-99.

Bowers, J.S. (2000).  The modality specific and non-specific components of long-term priming are frequency sensitive. Memory & Cognition. 28, 406-414.

Bowers, J.S. (2000). Further arguments in support of localist coding in connectionist networks. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 23, 471.

Bowers, J.S., Mimouni, Z., & Arguin, M. (2000). Orthography plays a critical role in cognate priming: Evidence from French/English and Arabic/French cognates. Memory & Cognition 28, 1289-1296.

Bowers, J.S. (1999). Priming is not all bias-Commentary on Ratcliff and McKoon (1997)  . Psychological Review, 106, 582-596.

Bowers, J.S. (1999).  The visual categories for letters and words reside outside any informationally encapsulated perceptual system. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 22, 368-369.

Bowers, J. S. (1999).  Grossberg and colleagues solved the hyperonym problem over a decade ago. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 22, 38.

Bowers, J.S., Vigliocco, G, Stadthagen-Gonzalez, H., &. Vinson, D. (1999).
Distinguishing language from thought: Experimental evidence that syntax is lexically rather than conceptually represented.  Psychological Science, 10, 310-315.

Arguin, M., Bub, D., & Bowers, J.S. (1998). Extent and limits of covert lexical activation in letter-by-letter reading. . Cognitive Neuropsychology, 15, 53-92.

Bowers, J.S. Michita, Y. (1998). An investigation into the structure and acquisition of orthographic knowledge: Evidence from cross-script Kanji-Hiragana priming. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review, 5, 259-264.

Bowers, J.S., Vigliocco, G., & Haan, R. (1998). Orthographic, phonological, and articulatory contributions to masked. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 24, 1705-1719.

Arguin, M., Bowers, J. S. & Bub, D. (1996).  Contrasting abstract orthographic processing and phonological access in letter-by-letter reading. Brain and Cognition, 32, 190-192.

Arguin, M., Bowers, J. & Bub, D. (1996). Implicit lexical access in letter-by-letter reading is not mediated by the right hemisphere. Brain and Cognition, 30, 275-277.

Bowers, J.S. (1996). Different perceptual codes support priming for words and pseudowords: Was Morton right all along?  Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 22, 1336-1353.

Bowers, J.S., Arguin, M., & Bub, D.N. (1996). Fast and specific access to orthographic knowledge in a case of letter-by-letter surface alexia. Cognitive Neuropsychology, 13, 525-568.

Bowers, J.S., Bub, D.N., & Arguin, M. (1996). A characterization of the word superiority effect in a case of letter-by-letter surface alexia.  Cognitive Neuropsychology, 13, 415-442.

Bowers, J.S. (1994). Does implicit memory extend to legal and illegal nonwords? Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 20. 534-549.

Bowers, J.S., & Mimouni, Z. (1994). Cognate priming depends upon the orthographic overlap between prime and target. Brain & Language, 47, 444-446.

Bowers, J.S., & Schacter, D.L. (1990). Implicit Memory and Test Awareness. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning Memory and Cognition, 15, 763-778.

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